CSS Past Papers (PDF Free Download)

Preparing for the Central Superior Services (CSS) examination can be a challenging task, as it requires a great deal of hard work, dedication, and the right study materials. One of the most effective ways to ensure your success is by using CSS past papers. In this article, we’ll explore the importance of past papers, how to utilize them, subject-wise analysis, and the resources available to access them.

Importance of CSS Past Papers

CSS past papers play a crucial role in understanding the exam pattern, identifying trends, and gauging your preparedness. They provide an insight into the types of questions asked, the level of difficulty, and the examiner’s expectations. By reviewing past papers, you can better understand the areas you need to focus on and improve your time management skills.

Preparing for CSS Exams

Reviewing Past Papers

It’s essential to start reviewing past papers as early as possible in your preparation. Familiarizing yourself with the questions will help you develop a clear understanding of what to expect during the examination. Analyze the past papers to identify patterns, trends, and frequently asked topics.

Analyzing Past Questions

Break down the questions and categorize them based on the subject matter, difficulty level, and required skills. This analysis will enable you to concentrate on areas that need improvement and develop a targeted study plan.

Solving Past Papers

Practice solving past papers under exam-like conditions, including adhering to the allotted time. This will help you improve your speed and accuracy, and identify areas where you might struggle with time management.

Timing and Practice

Set aside dedicated time for practicing past papers. The more you practice, the more you’ll develop your problem-solving skills and time management abilities.

Tips to Maximize Efficiency

  1. Plan your study sessions effectively.
  2. Focus on understanding the concepts rather than memorizing facts.
  3. Don’t ignore the optional subjects; allocate appropriate time to them.
  4. Regularly review and revise the material.

CSS Subject Details

The Central Superior Services (CSS) examination, conducted by the Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC), is a competitive exam that selects candidates for civil service positions in Pakistan. The CSS exam consists of both compulsory and optional subjects, which test a candidate’s knowledge and abilities across various disciplines. Here, we will provide an overview of the CSS subjects, including compulsory subjects and optional subjects divided into groups.

Compulsory Subjects

There are six compulsory subjects in the CSS examination, totaling 600 marks. These subjects are:

  1. English Essay (100 marks): This paper tests a candidate’s ability to express their thoughts and ideas in a clear, coherent, and well-structured manner.
  2. English (Precis & Composition) (100 marks): This paper assesses a candidate’s English language proficiency, including grammar, vocabulary, precis writing, and comprehension skills.
  3. General Science & Ability (100 marks): This subject tests a candidate’s general knowledge in science and their problem-solving and quantitative abilities.
  4. Current Affairs (100 marks): This subject evaluates a candidate’s awareness of national and international events, politics, and socio-economic issues.
  5. Pakistan Affairs (100 marks): This paper examines a candidate’s knowledge of Pakistan’s history, politics, culture, and socio-economic issues.
  6. Islamic Studies or Comparative Study of Major Religions (100 marks): This subject tests a candidate’s knowledge of Islamic principles and teachings or provides a comparative study of major world religions for non-Muslim candidates.

Optional Subjects

Candidates are required to choose optional subjects based on their interests and academic background. Optional subjects are divided into groups, and candidates must select subjects from different groups according to the specified rules. The optional subjects and their respective groups are:

Group I: (Choose one subject of 200 marks or two subjects of 100 marks each)

  1. Economics
  2. English Literature
  3. Urdu Literature
  4. Islamic History & Culture
  5. Political Science
  6. U.S. History

Group II: (Choose one subject of 200 marks or two subjects of 100 marks each)

  1. Physics
  2. Chemistry
  3. Applied Mathematics
  4. Pure Mathematics
  5. Statistics
  6. Geology

Group III: (Choose one subject of 100 marks)

  1. Business Administration
  2. Public Administration
  3. Governance & Public Policies
  4. Town Planning & Urban Management

Group IV: (Choose one subject of 100 marks)

  1. History of Pakistan & India
  2. Islamic History & Culture
  3. British History
  4. European History
  5. History of the USA

Group V: (Choose one subject of 100 marks)

  1. Gender Studies
  2. Environmental Sciences
  3. Agriculture & Forestry
  4. Botany
  5. Zoology
  6. English Literature
  7. Urdu Literature

Group VI: (Choose one subject of 100 marks)

  1. Law
  2. Constitutional Law
  3. International Law
  4. Muslim Law & Jurisprudence
  5. Mercantile Law
  6. Criminology
  7. Philosophy

Group VII: (Choose one subject of 100 marks)

  1. Journalism & Mass Communication
  2. Psychology
  3. Geography
  4. Sociology
  5. Anthropology
  6. Punjabi
  7. Sindhi
  8. Pashto
  9. Balochi
  10. Persian
  11. Arabic

When choosing optional subjects, candidates should consider their academic background, interests, and the subjects’ relevance to their desired career path in the civil services. Preparing for these subjects requires dedication, strategic planning, and a thorough understanding of the syllabus and examination patterns.

CSS Past Papers Resources

Online Resources

Numerous websites and forums offer CSS past papers for free or at a minimal cost. Some of these resources include the Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC) website, CSS forums, and other educational portals.

Official Sources

The FPSC website is the primary source for accessing past papers. You can find past papers from previous years, which are essential for your preparation.

Print Resources

Books and compilations of past papers are also available in the market. These resources are beneficial for those who prefer printed materials for their studies.

CSS Past Papers


  • Essay
  • English Precis & Composition
  • General Science & Ability
  • Pakistan Affairs
  • Current Affairs
  • Islamic Studies
  • Comparative Study of Major Religions (For Non Muslims)




  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Pure Mathematics
  • Statistics
  • Geology


  • Business Administration
  • Public Administration
  • Governance & Public Policies
  • Town Planning & Urban-Management  


  • History of Pakistan & India
  • Islamic History & Culture
  • British History
  • European History
  • History of USA


  • Gender Studies
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Agriculture & Forestry
  • Botany
  • Zoology
  • English Literature
  • Urdu Literature


  • Law
  • Constitutional Law
  • International Law
  • Muslim Law & Jurisprudence
  • Mercantile Law
  • Criminology
  • Philosophy  


  • Journalism & Mass Communication
  • Psychology
  • Geography
  • Sociology
  • Anthropology
  • Punjabi
  • Sindhi
  • Pushto
  • Balochi
  • Persian
  • Arabic

Utilizing CSS Past Papers for Compulsory and Optional Subjects

Once you have accessed the past papers, follow these tips to maximize their benefits:

  1. Analyze the exam pattern: Review past papers to understand the structure and types of questions asked in both compulsory and optional subjects. This will help you develop a clear understanding of the examination requirements.
  2. Identify trends and frequently asked topics: By studying past papers, you can identify patterns, trends, and frequently asked questions. Focus on these topics during your preparation, as they are likely to appear in future examinations.
  3. Practice solving past papers: Attempt past papers under exam-like conditions, including adhering to the allotted time. This will help you improve your speed, accuracy, and time management skills.
  4. Review your answers: After completing a past paper, review your answers and compare them with the suggested answers or model papers. This will help you identify areas where you need to improve and refine your approach.

Remember that practice makes perfect. The more you work with past papers, the more familiar you will become with the CSS examination requirements, and the better prepared you will be for your exam.


In conclusion, CSS past papers are an invaluable resource for anyone preparing for the CSS examination. They help you understand the exam pattern, gauge your preparedness, and develop effective study strategies. By utilizing past papers and focusing on your weak areas, you can significantly increase your chances of success in the CSS exam.


  1. Why are CSS past papers important for exam preparation?CSS past papers are essential because they provide insights into the exam pattern, question types, and trends, which help you develop a targeted study plan and improve your time management skills.
  2. How can I access CSS past papers?You can access CSS past papers through online resources like the FPSC website, CSS forums, and educational portals, as well as through print resources available in the market.
  3. How should I analyze past papers to maximize my exam preparation?Break down the questions into categories based on subject matter, difficulty level, and required skills. This will help you focus on areas that need improvement and create a targeted study plan.
  4. Should I practice solving past papers under exam-like conditions?Yes, practicing past papers under exam-like conditions, including adhering to the allotted time, will help you improve your speed, accuracy, and time management abilities.
  5. How can I improve my essay writing skills for the CSS exam?Analyze past essay topics to understand the themes and required structure. Practice writing essays on various subjects to improve your articulation, argument-building skills, and develop a clear writing style.
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